Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • R. Sands
  • Rik Carl D’AmatoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1454


Emotionality includes a variety of subjective feeling states that predictably influence observable behavior and physiological responses for functional purposes related to adaptation. Emotions typically involve multiple components including autonomic, hormonal, behavioral, and cognitive components. Physiological signs of emotions may include change in autonomic nervous system activity which includes changes in heart rate, muscle tension, perspiration, and metabolic changes. Ekman’s research on the cross-cultural invariance of emotional identification and expression is suggestive of emotions as a species-typical response. The coordination of the emotional state is facilitated by the amygdala. The amygdala, a cluster of nuclei in the limbic system near the temporal lobes, has been found to be important for eliciting a cascade of physiological changes involved in emotional behavior.

Various theories of emotions have been proposed. The James-Lange theory postulates that emotions...

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References and Readings

  1. Dean, R. S., & Woodcock, R. W. (2003). Dean-Woodcock neuropsychological battery. Itasca: Riverside Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Ekman, P. (1980). The face of man: Expressions of universal emotions in a New Guinea Village. New York: Garland STPM Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Legal Psychology (Psychology and Law), Neuropsychology, Clinical PsychologyThe Chicago School of Professional PsychologyChicagoUSA
  2. 2.School Psychology, Clinical Neuropsychology, Clinical PsychologyThe Chicago School of Professional PsychologyChicagoUSA