Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Emotional Intelligence

  • Sherri GallagherEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1452


Social emotional competencies; Social emotional learning; Social intelligence


Emotional intelligence (EI or EQ) is defined as an individual’s ability to monitor their own and other’s emotions, to discriminate between them, and to use this information to guide the individual’s thinking and actions (Salovey and Mayer 1990).

Current Knowledge

Studies by John Mayer and Peter Salovey began theoretical research on emotional intelligence in the early 1990s. During this decade, Goleman (1995) published the book Emotional Intelligencewhich popularized the term and received national media attention. Daniel Goleman advocated that emotional intelligence made major contributions to the positive functioning of individuals and society. This claim evoked controversy among other EI researchers; however, Goleman continues to have an active role in EI research and programs to develop EI competencies. Also during this time, early measures of EI were developed. Emotional Intelligence...

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References and Readings

  1. Bar-On, R. (1997). The Bar-On emotional quotient inventory (EQ-i): A test of emotional intelligence. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
  2. Brackett, M., Rivers, S., & Salovey, P. (2011). Emotional intelligence: Implications for personal, social, academic, and workplace success. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(1), 88–103.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2010.00334.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  10. Roberts, R., MacCann, C., Matthews, G., & Zeidner, M. (2010). Emotional intelligence: Toward a consensus of models and measures. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4(10), 821–840.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2010.00277.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wellness PSI, LLC Private PracticeFlagstaffUSA