Social emotional competencies; Social emotional learning; Social intelligence
Emotional intelligence (EI or EQ) is defined as an individual’s ability to monitor their own and other’s emotions, to discriminate between them, and to use this information to guide the individual’s thinking and actions (Salovey and Mayer 1990).
Studies by John Mayer and Peter Salovey began theoretical research on emotional intelligence in the early 1990s. During this decade, Goleman (1995) published the book Emotional Intelligencewhich popularized the term and received national media attention. Daniel Goleman advocated that emotional intelligence made major contributions to the positive functioning of individuals and society. This claim evoked controversy among other EI researchers; however, Goleman continues to have an active role in EI research and programs to develop EI competencies. Also during this time, early measures of EI were developed. Emotional Intelligence...
References and Readings
- Bar-On, R. (1997). The Bar-On emotional quotient inventory (EQ-i): A test of emotional intelligence. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
- Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam.Google Scholar
- Goleman, D. (1998). Working with emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
- Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. (2002). Mayer-Salovey-Caruso emotional intelligence test (MSCEIT) user's manual. Toronto: MHS Publication.Google Scholar
- Roberts, R. D., Schulze, R., & MacCann, C. (2008). The measurement of emotional intelligence: A decade of progress? In G. Boyle, G. Matthews, & D. Saklofske (Eds.), The sage handbook of personality theory and assessment (pp. 461–482). New York: Sage.Google Scholar