Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Temporal Inhibition

  • Ronald A. CohenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1406


Backward masking; temporal masking


Temporal inhibition refers to the suppression of response to a stimulus by presentation of a second stimulus shortly after the first stimulus. This effect can be observed across sensory modalities, particularly with respect to auditory and visual processing. In the context of visual perception, temporal inhibition is evident in paradigms involving backward visual masking. Temporal inhibition provides a constraint on the rate of information processing for sequentially presented visual stimuli.

Current Knowledge

Temporal masking is most easily observed in the auditory modality when a sudden sound interferes with the detection of other sounds that occurred immediately before the second sound. The reason for this is that the time range for this type of masking is relatively long. Similar effects are observed with visual stimuli presented in sequence, though masking typically occurs with shorter asynchronies between stimuli (<50 ms)....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Breitmeyer, B. G. (2007). Visual masking: Past accomplishments, present status, future developments. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 3, 9–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Breitmeyer, B. G., & Öğmen, H. (2006). Visual masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Breitmeyer, B. G., Ro, T., & Öğmen, H. (2004). A comparison of masking by visual and transcranial magnetic stimulation: Implications for the study of conscious and unconscious visual processing. Conscious Cognition, 13, 829–843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Francis, G. (1997). Cortical dynamics of lateral inhibition: Metacontrast masking. Psychological Review, 104, 572–594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kinsbourne, M., & Warrington, E. K. (1962). The effect of an aftercoming random pattern on the perception of brief visual stimuli. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 14, 223–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lamme, V. A. F., Zipser, K., & Spekreijse, H. (2002). Masking interrupts figure-ground signals in V1. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 1044–1053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyCollege of Public Health and Health Professions, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive Aging and MemoryMcKnight Brain Institute, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA