Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Retinopathy

  • Beth A. JerskeyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1398

Synonyms

Diabetic retinopathy

Definition

Retinopathy is a general term that refers to noninflammatory damage to the retina of the eye. Usually the result of a systemic disease that induces changes in blood supply to the retina, a few of the more common causes of retinopathy are diabetes, hypertension, and premature birth. However, there are many possible etiologies that have direct and indirect effects on the retina (e.g., overexposure to sunlight, occlusion, or macroaneurysm of ocular blood supply). Many types of retinopathies are progressive in nature and often lead to partial vision loss or blindness. Treatment is dependent on the underlying cause and the extent of retinal damage.

Current Knowledge

Although each disease process responsible for the manifestations of retinopathy has specific effects on the retina, the majority of retinopathies follow a similar pattern. Blood flow to the retina is disrupted leading to hemorrhage with potential subsequent hypoxia of the surrounding...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorAlpert Medical School of Brown University Butler HospitalProvidenceUSA