Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Macropsia

  • Thomas M. LaudateEmail author
  • Aaron P. Nelson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1380

Synonyms

Megalopsia; Megalopia

Definition

Macropsia is a condition in which visual objects are perceived to be larger than actual size. Surrounded by seemingly enlarged objects, the individual with macropsia may have a corresponding experience of being smaller than actual size. Macropsia can arise from disorders throughout the visual system including peripheral visual organs or visual components of the central nervous system. Macropsia can be a clinical feature of migraine, stroke, viral disease, or epilepsy; it can also be associated with prescription or illicit drug use or recently prescribed presbyopic correction.

At the physiological level, macropsia can occur when retinal rod and cone cells become more tightly arrayed, for example, in a setting of macular scarring or tumor. With increased density of photoreceptors, the retinal representation of an observed object causes it to be perceived as enlarged. Macropsia is also thought to occur as a result of impairment of ocular...

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References and Readings

  1. Park, M. G., Choi, K. D., Kim, J. S., Park, K. P., Kim, D. S., Kim, H. J., & Jung, D. S. (2007). Hemimacropsia after medial temporo-occipital infarction. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 78(5), 546–548.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Adult NeurologyTufts Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Center for Brain Mind MedicineBrigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA