Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Embedded Figures Test

  • Melissa AmickEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1361


Figure-ground test; Group embedded figures test; Hidden figures test


In these tasks participants must locate the presence of a target figure embedded within a complex background. In the embedded figures test (Witkin et al. 1971), the participants are asked to trace with their finger the outline of a figure located within an obscuring complex scene. Participants complete 12 trials and two forms are available for test-retest use. The simple figure and complex scene cannot be viewed at the same time. Participants are allotted 3 min to complete the task. Spreen and Benton (1969) developed a similar task in which the participant uses a pencil to identify the embedded target shape. Participants complete 16 items presented within a nonreusable paper booklet. Unlike Witkin’s EFT, in this version the target figure is located on the left side of the page, while the complex visual scene with the target embedded within is located to the right. There is also a version for...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA