Bicycle Drawing Test
As the name suggests, the bicycle drawing test requires patients to draw a picture of a bicycle in freehand using a pencil. It can be a useful measure of visual-spatial and visual-motor impairments and also has been used in the assessment of hemi-neglect syndromes. Typically, the patient is asked to draw a copy of a simple line drawn picture of a bicycle. Many clinicians first ask the patient to draw a bicycle in freehand from their own memory, to assess their constructional ability in the absence of a model.
History and Clinical Evidence
The bicycle drawing test is widely associated with Piaget’s (1955) investigations of cognitive development, though similar tests seem to have been employed earlier (Poppelreuter 1990; Veiders 1934). Neuropsychological investigations of focal unilateral lesions (Hecaen and Assal 1970) have demonstrated differences in performance between patients with left- and right-sided posterior brain lesions. Such comparisons have also suggested...
References and Readings
- Sharma, T. R. (1972). Measuring intelligence through bicycle drawings. Indian Educational Review, 7(1), 1–30.Google Scholar
- van Sommers, P. (1995). Observational, experimental and neuropsychological studies of drawing. In C. Lange-Küttner & G. V. Thomas (Eds.), Drawing and looking: Theoretical approaches to pictorial representation in children (pp. 44–61). Hertfordshire: Harvester Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
- Veiders, E. (1934). Analyse der Fähigkeit zum räumlichen Denken. Analysis of the ability for spatial thinking. Psychotechnisches Zeitschrift, 9, 52–60.Google Scholar