Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Inferior Parietal Lobule

  • Mark MennemeierEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1308

Synonyms

Inferior parietal area; Inferior parietal cortex; Posterior parietal cortex

Definition

The IPL is comprised of heteromodal association cortex located on the lateral surface of the brain. It corresponds to Brodmann’s areas 39 and 40 and extends from behind the posterior, post central sulcus to the intraparietal sulcus (Caspers et al. 2008). The supramarginal gyrus (BA 40) makes up the anterior part of the IPL, and the angular gyrus (BA 39) makes up the middle and posterior parts. Damage to the IPL and surrounding areas is associated with neuropsychological syndromes, disorders, and deficits including but not limited to, aprosodia, anosognosia, constructional apraxia, and the neglect syndrome following right hemisphere injury; aphasia, ideomotor apraxia, and the Gerstmann’s syndrome following left hemisphere injury; and Balint’s syndrome following bilateral injury (Zigmond et al. 1999).

Cross-References

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References and Readings

  1. Caspers, S., Eickhoff, S., Geyer, S., Scheperjans, F., Mohlberg, H., Zilles, K., et al. (2008). The human inferior parietal lobule in stereotaxic space. Brain Structure and Function, 212, 481–495.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Zigmond, M., Bloom, F. E., Landis, S. C., Roberts, J. L., & Squire, L. R. (1999). Fundamental neuroscience. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neurobiology and Developmental SciencesUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA