Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Carotid Endarterectomy

  • Alan WeintraubEmail author
  • Anuj Sharma
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_13




Carotid Endarterectomy (CEA) is an elective surgical procedure that removes plaque from the lumen of the carotid artery. After anesthesia, the surgeon clamps the carotid artery proximal and distal to the stenosis temporarily. The surgeon may place a shunt proximal to the clamp to reroute blood to the brain. Next, an incision is made over the area of blockage. The plaque is scraped out and separated from the inner lining of the artery. After it is removed, the artery is sutured together, the clamps are removed, and any bleeding is stopped. Finally, the skin incision is closed.

Current Knowledge

The arch of the aorta gives off three branches: the innominate, the left common carotid, and the left subclavian. The innominate artery, also known as the brachiocephalic artery, gives rise to the right subclavian artery and the right common carotid artery. The common carotid arteries bilaterally split into internal and external carotid arteries. The right and left...

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References and Readings

  1. Chaturvedi, S., Bruno, A., Feasby, T., Holloway, R., Benavente, O., Cohen, S. N., et al. (2005). Carotid endarterectomy – an evidence-based review: Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology, 65, 794–801.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Roffi, M., & Lüscher, T. F. (2008). Management of carotid artery stenosis. Herz, 33, 490–497.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Rothwell, P. M., Eliasziw, M., Gutnikov, S. A., Fox, A. J., Taylor, D. W., Mayberg, M. R., et al. (2003). Analysis of pooled data from the randomised controlled trials ofendarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis. Lancet, 361, 107–116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Craig Hospital, Rocky Mountain Regional Brain Injury SystemEnglewoodUSA
  2. 2.Virginia Commonwealth University School of MedicineRichmondUSA