Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Dichotic Listening

  • Melissa AmickEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1287

Description

In the dichotic listening – words test (Hayden and Spellacy 1978) – the participant hears three pairs of one-syllable words (one presented to each ear simultaneously). Each word pair begins with the same consonant (see, e.g., Strauss et al. 2006). The audiotape is played through a cassette recorder and headphones. The stimuli presented to the left ear are recorded on the left channel of the tape and played through the left headphone. The reverse arrangement is used for the right ear. According to Strauss et al. (2006), the earphones should be calibrated to ensure that each is producing approximately 65–70 dB for each ear. It is also recommended that the earphones be reversed halfway through testing, to avoid the possible effect of poor earphone calibration. Discrepancies in hearing between ears would create an advantage for the intact ear, and if hearing differs significantly between ears, the test should not be administered.

There are other versions of the dichotic...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Bruder, G. E., Tenke, C. E., Stewart, J. W., McGrath, P. J., & Quitkin, F. M. (1999). Predictors of therapeutic response to treatments for depression: A review of electrophysiologic and dichotic listening studies. CNS Spectrums, 4, 30–36.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Claus, J. J., & Mohr, E. (1996). Attentional deficits in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s diseases. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 93(5), 346–351.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. de Bode, S., Sininger, Y., Healy, E. W., Mathern, G. W., & Zaidel, E. (2007). Dichotic listening after cerebral hemispherectomy: Methodological and theoretical observations. Neuropsychologia, 18, 2461–2466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Duchek, J. M., & Balota, D. A. (2005). Failure to control prepotent pathways in early stage dementia of the Alzheimer’s type: Evidence from dichotic listening. Neuropsychology, 19, 687–695.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Fernandes, M. A., Smith, M. L., Logan, W., Crawley, A., & McAndrews, M. P. (2006). Comparing language lateralization determined by dichotic listening and fMRI activation in frontal and temporal lobes in children with epilepsy. Brain and Language, 96, 106–114.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Gadea, M., Marti-Bonmatí, L., Arana, E., Espert, R., Casanova, V., & Pascual, A. (2002). Dichotic listening and corpus callosum magnetic resonance imaging in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis with emphasis on sex differences. Neuropsychology, 16, 275–281.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Gootjes, L., Bouma, A., Van Strien, J. W., Van Schijndel, R., Barkhof, F., & Scheltens, P. (2006). Corpus Callosum size correlates with asymmetric performance on a dichotic listening task in healthy aging but not in Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropsychologia, 44, 208–217.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Hayden, S., & Spellacy, F. (1978). Dichotic word listening test. Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Victoria.Google Scholar
  9. Hiscock, M., Cole, L. C., Benthall, J. G., Carlson, V. L., & Ricketts, J. M. (2000). Toward solving the inferential problem in laterality research: Effects of increased reliability on the validity of the dichotic listening right-ear advantage. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 6, 539–547.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Hugdahl, K., Carlsson, G., Uvebrant, P., & Lundervold, A. J. (1997). Dichotic-listening performance and intracarotid injections of amobarbital in children and adolescents. Preoperative and postoperative comparisons. Archive of Neurology, 54, 1494–1500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hugdahl, K., Rund, B. R., Lund, A., Asbjørnsen, A., Egeland, J., Landrø, N. I., et al. (2003). Attentional and executive dysfunctions in schizophrenia and depression: Evidence from dichotic listening performance. Biological Psychiatry, 53, 609–616.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Kimura, D. (1961a). Some effects of temporal-lobe damage on auditory perception. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 15, 156–165.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Kimura, D. (1961b). Cerebral dominance of the perception of verbal stimuli. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 15, 166–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kimura, D. (1967). Functional asymmetry of the brain in dichotic listening. Cortex, 3, 163–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kinsbourne, M. (1975). The mechanism of hemispheric control of the lateral gradient of attention. In P. M. A. Rabbitt & S. Dornic (Eds.), Attention and performance V (pp. 81–97). London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  16. Meyers, J. E., Roberts, R. J., Bayless, J. D., Volkert, K., & Evitts, P. E. (2002). Dichotic listening: Expanded norms and clinical application. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 79–90.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Milner, B., Taylor, L., & Sperry, R. W. (1968). Lateralized suppression of dichotically presented digits after commissural section in man. Science, 161, 184–186.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Morais, J., & Landercy, M. (1977). Listening to speech while retaining music: What happens to the right-ear advantage? Brain and Language, 4, 295–308.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Roberts, M. A., Persinger, M. A., Grote, C., Evertowski, L. M., Springer, J. A., Tuten, T., et al. (1994). The dichotic word listening test: Preliminary observations in American and Canadian samples. Applied Neuropsychology, 1, 45–56.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Sommer, I. E., Aleman, A., Somers, M., Boks, M. P., & Kahn, R. S. (2008). Sex differences in handedness, asymmetry of the planum temporale and functional language lateralization. Brain Research, 1206, 76–88.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Springer, S. P., & Deutsch, G. (1985). Left brain, right brain (Revised ed.). New York: W.H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  22. Springer, S. P., & Gazzaniga, M. S. (1975). Dichotic testing of partial and complete split brain subjects. Neuropsychologia, 13, 341–346.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Strauss, E., Gaddes, W. H., & Wada, J. (1987). Performance on a free-recall verbal dichotic listening task and cerebral dominance determined by the carotid amytal test. Neuropsychologia, 25, 747–753.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Strauss, E., Sherman, E. M. S., & Spreen, O. (2006). A compendium of neuropsychological tests (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA