Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Continuous Performance Tests

  • Ronald A. CohenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1280

Synonyms

CPT

Description

An attention paradigm that has evolved into a class of neuropsychological tests used to assess sustained attention. There is not a single continuous performance test (CPT), as a number of commercially available and research CPT tasks exist and have been published in the neuropsychological literature. The common characteristic of all CPT tests is that they involve sequential presentation of stimuli, usually letters or numbers, over an extended period of time. The task demand is to attend and respond to particular target stimuli, while ignoring other stimuli that serve as nontarget distractors.

Historical Background

Early efforts by psychologists to assess attention in the context of intellectual or other cognitive testing typically relied on tests such as digit span, which provided a useful measure of attentional focus and span, but did not address other important elements of attention, such as the patients’ ability to selectively attend to information or to...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Brickenkamp, R. Z. E. (1992). The d2 test of attention. Seattle: Hogrefe & Huber.Google Scholar
  2. Cohen, R. A. (2014). Neuropsychology of attention (2nd ed). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Cohen, R., Lohr, I., Paul, R., & Boland, R. (2001). Impairments of attention and effort among patients with major affective disorders. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 13(3), 385–395.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Conners, C. K., Epstein, J. N., Angold, A., & Klaric, J. (2003). Continuous performance test performance in a normative epidemiological sample. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31(5), 555–562.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Epstein, J. N., Erkanli, A., Conners, C. K., Klaric, J., Costello, J. E., & Angold, A. (2003). Relations between continuous performance test performance measures and ADHD behaviors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31(5), 543–554.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Gunstad, J., Cohen, R. A., Paul, R. H., & Gordon, E. (2006). Dissociation of the component processes of attention in healthy adults. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 21(7), 645–650.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Jerskey, B., Cohen, R. A., Jefferson, A. L., Hoth, K. F., Haley, A. P., Gunstad, J. J., et al. (2009). Sustained attention is associated with left ventricular ejection fraction in older adults with heart disease. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 15(1), 137–141.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Leark, R. A., Greenberg, L. K., Kindschi, C. L., Dupuy, T. R., & Hughes, S. J. (2007). Test of variables of attention: Clinical manual. Los Alamitos: The TOVA Company.Google Scholar
  9. Nuechterlein, K. H. (1983). Signal detection in vigilance tasks and behavioral attributes among offspring of schizophrenic mothers and among hyperactive children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 92(1), 4–28.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Rosvold, H. E., Mirsky, A. F., Sarason, I., Bransome Jr., E. D., & Beck, L. H. (1956). A continuous performance test of brain damage. Journal of Consulting Psychiatry, 20, 343–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. VIGIL. (1990). A continuous performance test. New Hampshire: Forethought.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyCollege of Public Health and Health Professions, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive Aging and MemoryMcKnight Brain Institute, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA