Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Confabulation

  • Farzin IraniEmail author
  • David J. Libon
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1277

Description

Korsakoff initially described “pseudoreminiscences” in alcoholic patients with amnesia who made up fictitious stories about events that did not occur. In their translation of Kosakoff’s original work, Victor and Yakovlev note that Korsakoff first identified patients with a “psychic disorder in conjunction with multiple neuritis” who presented with “a derangement of memory and of the association of ideas” along with other symptoms of the now well-known Korsakoff syndrome (Korsakoff 1955). Later, the term confabulation was introduced and defined as the “falsification of memory occurring in clear consciousness in association with an organically derived amnesia” (Berlyne 1972). It has also been referred to as “true memories that have been misplaced in both time and place” (Kopelman 1987) as well as the “spontaneous narrative reports of events that never happened.” More recently, confabulation has been defined as “statements or actions that involve distortions of memories”...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentWest Chester University of PennsylvaniaWest ChesterUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Geriatrics, Gerontology, and PsychologyRowan University, New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging, School of Osteopathic MedicineStratfordUSA