Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Catatonic Behavior

  • Farzin IraniEmail author
  • Solomon Kalkstein
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1276



Short Description

Catatonic behavior is characterized by marked disturbances in psychomotor movements that occur within the context of a psychiatric or medical condition. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5), catatonic features are identified, and the catatonic specifier or residual category is appropriate, when there are at least three of the following:
  • Stupor (no psychomotor activity, not relating to environment)

  • Catalepsy (passive induction of a posture held against gravity)

  • Waxy flexibility (resistance to positioning by examiner)

  • Mutism (no, or very little, verbal response)

  • Negativism (opposition or no response to instructions or external stimuli)

  • Posturing (spontaneous and active maintenance of a posture against gravity)

  • Mannerism (peculiar, circumstantial caricature of normal actions)

  • Stereotypy (repetitive, abnormally frequent, non-goal-directed movements)

  • Agitation, not influenced by external stimuli

  • Grimacing...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentWest Chester University of PennsylvaniaWest ChesterUSA
  2. 2.PsychiatryUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA