Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Cancellation Tests

  • Richard F. KaplanEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1274


Vigilance tests


Cancellation tests are designed to measure sustained and selective attention.

Historical Background

Numerous variations of cancellation tests have been developed to assess sustained, selective attention and spatial inattention following hemispheric lesions. The patient is typically required to scan through an array of stimuli and find (cancel) specific target stimuli (e.g., bells).

Psychometric Data

There is relatively little normative data for cancellation tests, and most comparative studies show that normal individuals make few, if any, errors (Weintraub 2000). Standardized versions of cancellation tests, such as the Ruff 2 & 7, show good test-retest reliability. In addition, on the Ruff 2 & 7, younger adults performed better than older adults, and performances improved with higher levels of education. There were no gender effects (Mitrushina et al. 2005).

Clinical Uses

Cancellation tests have been shown to be sensitive in detecting deficits in...

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References and Readings

  1. Kaplan, R. F., Verfaellie, M., Meadows, M. E., Caplan, L. R., Pessin, M. S., & DeWitt, L. D. (1991). Changing attentional demands in left hemispatial neglect. Archives of Neurology, 48, 1263–1266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Mitrushina, M., Boone, K. B., Razani, J., & D’Elia, L. F. (2005). Handbook of normative data for neuropsychological assessment (2nd ed., pp. 160–170). New York: Oxford.Google Scholar
  3. Weintraub, S. (2000). Neuropsychological assessment of mental state. In M. Mesulam (Ed.), Principles of behavioral neurology (2nd ed., pp. 121–173). New York: Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry (MC-2103)UConn Health CenterFarmingtonUSA