Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Brain Reserve Capacity

  • Glen E. GetzEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1177

Synonyms

Global reserve; Reserve

Definition

Brain reserve capacity is the brain’s resilience to pathological damage or changes. The greater the brain reserve capacity, the less likely an individual will demonstrate behavioral disturbance associated with a disease.

Historical Background

Research has attempted to understand the role of various factors involved in cognitive decline. Frequent central nervous system disorders occur in the elderly, which increase the likelihood of cognitive decline. Age, in itself, is a factor known to alter cognitive functioning. Brain reserve capacity is the brain’s ability to effectively manage the increasing changes in normal aging and to cope with pathological damage.

Postmortem examination of elderly individuals provides evidence that there is a discrepancy between the clinical manifestation of Alzheimer’s disease and the neuropathology of the disorder (Katzman et al. 1988). Specifically, this early study found that a subset of individuals whose...

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References

  1. Katzman, R., Terry, R., DeTeresa, R., Brown, T., Davies, P., Fuld, P., et al. (1988). Clinical, pathological and neurochemical changes in dementia: A subgroup with preserved mental status and numerous neocortical plaques. Annals of Neurology, 23, 138–144.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Stern, Y. (2006). In L. Bieliauskas (Ed.), Cognitive reserve, theory and application. New York: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  3. Vasile, C. (2013). Cognitive reserve and cortical plasticity. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 78, 601–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryAllegheny General HospitalPittsburghUSA