The recency effect is the tendency for individuals without neurological impairment to show enhanced memory for items presented at the end of a list relative to items presented in the middle of the list. Immediately after presentation, items presented at the end of a list can be retrieved from short-term or primary memory. The recency effect, therefore, is characterized by features of short-term memory ability such as susceptibility to interference and rapid decay. The recency effect is part of the larger serial position effect.
References and Readings
- Tulving, E., & Craik, F. I. M. (Eds.). (2000). The Oxford handbook of memory. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar