Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Primacy Effect

  • Angela K. TroyerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1141

Definition

The primacy effect is the tendency for individuals without neurological impairment to show enhanced memory for items presented at the beginning of a list relative to items presented in the middle of the list. At test, items presented at the beginning of a list are retrieved from long-term or secondary memory stores. The primacy effect, therefore, is affected by factors influencing long-term memory ability, such as attentional resources, opportunities for rehearsal, and neurodegenerative processes including Alzheimer’s disease. The primacy effect is part of the larger serial position effect.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Tulving, E., & Craik, F. I. M. (Eds.). (2000). The Oxford handbook of memory. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neuropsychology and Cognitive Health ProgramBaycrest Centre for Geriatric CareTorontoCanada