Memory for Intentions
Prospective memory; Realization of delayed intentions; Remembering to remember
Memory for intentions is defined as the ability to remember to carry out an intended action(s) in the future. Remembering to pay a bill before its due date or remembering to buy a loaf of bread on the way home are examples of this type of memory. In contrast, the ability to recall or recognize information learned in the past (e.g., recalling the content of a movie seen the week before or recognizing the answer of a multiple choice question based on what was learned the night before) is referred to as retrospective memory. To remember to carry out an intended action(s), individuals need to remember that they have to do something (the prospective component of the intention), as well as what they are supposed to do (the retrospective component of the intention).
The ability to remember intentions and the distinction between important and unimportant intentions were...
References and Readings
- Brandimonte, M., Einstein, G. O., & McDaniel, M. A. (1996). Prospective memory: Theory and applications. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Freud, S. (1901). The psychopathology of everyday life. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
- Kliegel, M., McDaniel, M. A., & Einstein, G. O. (2008). Prospective memory: Cognitive, neuroscience, developmental, and applied perspectives. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- McDaniel, M. A., & Einstein, G. O. (2007). Prospective memory: An overview and synthesis of an emerging field. Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar