Memory; Personal memory; Recollective memory
Autobiographical memory (AM) is the memory of events or information involving the self. Researchers generally conceptualize AM as episodic, as opposed to semantic. AMs are temporally defined (e.g., by the date of the remembered event) and involve a sense of “recollection or reliving” of the original event (Greenberg and Rubin 2003).
Levin et al. (1982) are sometimes credited with originating the term AM. However, AM research dates back to Francis Galton’s 1879 study of his own recall of events in his personal past. Galton sampled his own episodic memories by finding associations between words and events from his past and dating those events. In 1974, Crovitz and Schiffman modified Galton’s technique to create what became a widely used method for studying AM (see Rubin 1999). Their revised technique involved asking participants to think of memories associated with words presented to them. In 1983,...
References and Readings
- Bluck, S. (Ed.). (2003). Autobiographical memory: Exploring its functions in everyday life. [Special issue]. Memory, 11(2), 113–229.Google Scholar
- Dalgleish, T., & Brewin, C. R. (Eds.). (2007). Autobiographical memory and emotional disorder. [Special issue]. Memory, 15(3).Google Scholar
- Hermans, D., Raes, F., Philippot, P., & Kremers, I. (Eds.). (2006). Autobiographical memory specificity and psychopathology. New York: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
- Irish, M., Landin-Romero, R., Mothakunnel, A., Ramanan, S., Hsieh, S., Hodges, J., & Piquet, O. (2017). Evolution of autobiographical memory impairments in Alzheimer’s disease and frontotemporal dementia-A longitudinal neuroimaging study. Neuropsychologia.Google Scholar
- Levin, H. S., Benton, A. L., & Grossman, R. G. (1982). Neurobehavioral consequences of closed head injury. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Rubin, D. C. (Ed.). (1999). Remembering our past: Studies in autobiographical memory. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Wenzel, A., & Rubin, D. C. (Eds.). (2005). Cognitive methods and their application to clinical research. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar