Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Amnesia

  • Ginette LaflecheEmail author
  • Mieke Verfaellie
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1103

Definition

Amnesia refers to the loss of ability to recall facts, events, or concepts encountered prior to the onset of illness (retrograde amnesia) or to the loss of the ability to form new memories (anterograde amnesia), or both. Although anterograde and retrograde amnesia can each occur in isolation, they frequently appear together following a single cause. The cause is commonly an organic neurologic insult or illness, but it can also be psychogenic. Although in most organic cases the memory loss is permanent, it can also be temporary, as for example in transient global amnesia.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Baddeley, A. D., Kopelman, M. D., & Wilson, A. W. (2002). The handbook of memory disorders. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VA Boston Healthcare SystemMemory Disorders Research Center, Boston University School of MedicineBostonUSA