Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Process Training

  • McKay Moore SohlbergEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1097

Synonyms

Attention training; Drill-oriented therapies; Impairment-based therapy; Restorative cognitive therapies

Definition

Process training refers to rehabilitation techniques designed to improve or restore the underlying damaged neuropsychological processes.

Current Knowledge

The theoretical basis of restorative process approaches derives from studies suggesting repetitive activity facilitates neuroplasticity. Repeated use of a particular cognitive process is believed to strengthen connections in the underlying neural circuitry and leads to an increase in the ability to perform that task. Neuropsychological rehabilitation has traditionally used a binary classification to group treatment approaches into interventions that target change at the level of restitution (i.e., “restorative or process approaches”) and those that target change at the level of behavior (i.e., “behavioral approaches”). Examples of process training or restorative interventions include direct attention training...

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References and Readings

  1. Calvert, G., Brammer, M., Morris, R. G., Williams, S. C. R., King, N., & Matthews, P. M. (2000). Using fMRI to study recovery from acquired dysphasia. Brain and Language, 71, 391–399.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Hart, T. (2009). Treatment definition in complex rehabilitation interventions. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 19(6), 824–840.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Meinzer, M., Elbert, T., Daniela, D., Taub, E., & Rochstroh, B. (2007). Extending the constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) approach to constrain-induced aphasia therapy of chronic aphasia. NeuroRehablitation, 22(4), 311–318.Google Scholar
  4. Sohlberg, M. M., Avery, J., Kennedy, M., Ylvisaker, M., Coelho, C., Turkstra, L., et al. (2003). Practice guidelines for direct attention training. Journal of Medical Speech Language Pathology, 11(3), xix–xxxix.Google Scholar
  5. Thulborn, K., Carpenter, P., & Just, M. (1999). Plasticity of language-related brain function during recovery from stroke. Stroke, 30, 749–754.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Communication Disorders and SciencesUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA