Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Errorless Learning

  • Adam B. WarshowskyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1090


Delayed prompting; Response prevention; Stimulus fading


Errorless learning refers to a type of training that reduces the learner’s opportunity to make errors during the learning process. The aim of this approach is to prevent the learner from reinforcing errant behavior, which may occur with repeated mistakes. One of the earliest researched errorless learning techniques, stimulus fading, is best highlighted in animal research by Terrace (1963), the first research that demonstrated the benefits of errorless learning. Terrace demonstrated that pigeons were better able to discriminate between green and red lights using stimulus fading. First, Terrace introduced a red light, the correct response. Once the pigeons responded consistently to the red light, a green light (the incorrect response) was introduced gradually to the experiment. The green light was at first briefly presented at a dim intensity, but eventually reached the same intensity and duration as the red...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical Neuropsychologist, Dual/SCI UnitMount Sinai Medical Center, Shepherd CenterAtlantaUSA