Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Cognitive Rehabilitation

  • Melanie M. Cochrane
  • Marianne HrabokEmail author
  • Kimberly A. Kerns
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1085

Synonyms

Cognitive remediation

Definition

Cognitive rehabilitation (CR) can be defined as efforts to promote maximal adaptive cognitive functioning in people with neurologically induced cognitive deficits (Barrett and Gonzalez-Rothi 2002).

Historical Background

The field of CR has grown rapidly over the last few decades, but historically can be traced to the 1800s (Ponsford 2004; Sohlberg and Mateer 2001). For example, Broca administered language rehabilitation in the 1800s, and until the 1980s most rehabilitation programs focused on remediation of language deficits (as reviewed by Ponsford 2004). Many further developments in CR were a result of the confluence of societal influences and scientific and technological advances. During WWI, Goldstein established CR programs for brain-injured soldiers. During WWII, Luria advanced the field of CR through his theoretical model of brain functioning, recovery, and rehabilitation (Ponsford 2004).

Advances in medical practice and an increase in...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melanie M. Cochrane
    • 1
  • Marianne Hrabok
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kimberly A. Kerns
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, Addiction and Mental HealthAlberta Health ServicesEdmontonCanada