Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Verbal IQ

  • Rael T. LangeEmail author
  • Sara M. Lippa
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1072


VIQ; Verbal intelligence quotient


A score derived from administration of selected subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scales, designed to provide a measure of an individual’s overall verbal intellectual abilities. The Verbal IQ score is a measure of acquired knowledge, verbal reasoning, and attention to verbal materials.

Current Knowledge

Wechsler Intelligence Scales (WIS): The WIS family of tests are some of the most widely used test batteries to assess general intellectual ability in adults aged 16 years or older (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; WAIS), children aged 6–16 years (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; WISC), and children aged 2–7 years (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence; WPPSI). Since the original development of these tests (WAIS, 1955; WISC, 1949; WPPSI, 1967), all three batteries have been revised on several occasions. The most recent revisions were published in 2012 (WPPSI-IV), 2014 (WISC-V), and 2008 (WAIS-IV).


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Further Reading

  1. Atkinson, L. (1991). Some table for statistically based interpretation of WAIS-R factor scores. Psychological Assessment, 3(2), 288–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Kaufman, A. S., & Lichtenberger, E. O. (2006). Assessing adolescent and adult intelligence (3rd ed.). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc..Google Scholar
  3. Sattler, J. M. (2008). Assessment of children: Cognitive foundations (5th ed.). San Diego: Author.Google Scholar
  4. Tulsky, D. S., Saklofske, D. H., & Ricker, J. H. (2003a). Historical overview of intelligence and memory: Factors influencing the Wechsler Scales. In D. S. Tulsky et al. (Eds.), Clinical interpretation of the WAIS-III and WMS-III (pp. 7–41). San Diego: Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Tulsky, D. S., Saklofske, D. H., & Zhu, J. (2003b). Revising a standard: An evaluation of the origin and development of the WAIS-III. In D. S. Tulsky et al. (Eds.), Clinical interpretation of the WAIS-III and WMS-III (pp. 43–92). San Diego: Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Defense and Veterans Brain Injury CenterWalter Reed National Military Medical CenterBethesdaUSA