Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Raven’s Progressive Matrices

  • Victoria M. LeavittEmail author
  • Erica Weber
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1069


Raven’s progressive matrices (RPM) are a visual task of abstract reasoning. RPM is a multiple-choice paper-and-pencil task. The stimuli used are simple, nonrepresentational, two-dimensional designs. The test requires examinees to infer a rule to generate the next items in a series or to determine whether a presented design is consistent with the rule. Items become progressively more difficult, building upon knowledge accumulated from the test. As such, the test was designed to assess learning as well as inductive reasoning. The test is available in three forms for examinees of different abilities: (1) standard progressive matrices (SPM) (synonymous with the RPM, the moniker SPM was adopted when alternate versions of the original test were developed), (2) colored progressive matrices (for children and older adults), and (3) advanced progressive matrices (for adolescents and adults of above average intelligence) (see chapters  “Colored Progressive Matrices” and  “Advanced...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cognitive Neuroscience DivisionColumbia University Medical SchoolNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationKessler FoundationEast HanoverUSA