Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Voir Dire

  • Nathalie DeFabriqueEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1034

Synonyms

Qualifying an expert; Selection of jurors

Definition

The term “voir dire” is a phrase derived from the French meaning to “speak the truth.” It refers to the process by which possible jurors are questioned about their backgrounds and potential biases before being chosen to sit on a jury. When individuals are called to jury duty, they gather at the courthouse to form a pool of potential jurors. From there they are called in groups for specific criminal or civil trials. In these groups, they may be questioned by the judge and the attorneys for each side about their background, life experiences, and opinions. The questioning aims to determine the individual’s ability to weigh the evidence justly and without bias. Each attorney attempts to select jurors who are most sympathetic to their side.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Brodsky, S. L., & Poythress, N. G. (1985). Expertise on the witness stand: A practitioner’s guide. In C. P. Ewing (Ed.), Psychology, psychiatry and the law: A clinical and forensic handbook.Google Scholar
  2. Cleary, G. P. (2007). Trial evidence foundations. James.Google Scholar
  3. Kovera, M. B., Cidkinson, J. J., & Cutler, B. L. (2003). Voir dire and jury selection. In A. Goldstein (Ed.), Handbook of psychology (Vol. 11). Forensic psychology. Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cook County Department of CorrectionsChicagoUSA