Vascular dementia (VaD) refers to a progressive decline in cognitive functioning caused by cerebrovascular brain damage. The dementia associated with vascular factors is different from the prototypic Alzheimer’s dementia in that executive impairments and psychomotor slowing, rather than memory per se, constitute the most prominent deficits. Syndromes related to different vascular mechanisms include VaD due to hemorrhagic lesions, lacunar lesions, or a single strategic infarct; multi-infarct dementia; subcortical vascular dementia; mixed dementia; Binswanger disease; and mild vascular cognitive impairment. Various vascular pathologies contribute to a broad continuum of...
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