Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Vascular Dementia

  • Holly Rau
  • Rosemary Ziemnik
  • Yana Suchy
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_494-2



Vascular dementia (VaD) refers to a progressive decline in cognitive functioning caused by cerebrovascular brain damage. The dementia associated with vascular factors is different from the prototypic Alzheimer’s dementia in that executive impairments and psychomotor slowing, rather than memory per se, constitute the most prominent deficits. Syndromes related to different vascular mechanisms include VaD due to hemorrhagic lesions, lacunar lesions, or a single strategic infarct; multi-infarct dementia; subcortical vascular dementia; mixed dementia; Binswanger disease; and mild vascular cognitive impairment. Various vascular pathologies contribute to a broad continuum of...


Vascular Dementia Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy With Subcortical Infarcts And Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) Small Vessel Cerebrovascular Disease Neurological Disorders And Stroke (NINDS) Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI) 
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References and Reading

  1. Alagiakrishnan, K. (2016). Vascular dementia. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/292105
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holly Rau
    • 1
  • Rosemary Ziemnik
    • 1
  • Yana Suchy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA