Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

  • Taryn M. Stejskal
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_391-2


Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a theoretical framework based on the premise that a person’s cognitions influence their emotions and behavior. CBT provides considerable utility in addressing a variety of common emotional consequences of neurological disorders including anxiety and depression, as well as behavior modification for brain injury survivors.

Historical Background

CBT grew out of Albert Ellis’s (1975) work on Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) and examination of irrational beliefs in the 1950s. Ellis concluded that irrational beliefs (e.g., I am powerless to solve my problems; I am unlovable) were associated with the development of mood disorders. Beck et al. (1979) developed Cognitive Therapy on the premise that cognitive errors (e.g., over-generalizing, magnification, personalization) were associated with the development of depression and anxiety. Further, they viewed depression as accompanied by of a triad of negative cognitions consisting of a...


Computerised Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CCBT) Marriage And Family Therapists (MFTs) Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) National Institute Of Health And Clinical Excellence (NICE) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taryn M. Stejskal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationVirginia Commonwealth University Medical CenterVirginiaUSA