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Petroleomics

  • Clifford C. Walters
  • Meytal B. Higgins
Living reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)

Abstract

Petroleum, one of the most complex organic mixtures in nature, is derived from biochemicals deposited in sediments that are then buried and thermally altered. Petroleomics aims at a complete molecular description of petroleum, the petroleome, from which all physical properties – such as density, viscosity, phase behavior, and interfacial activity – and chemical reactivity – such as reservoir alteration and refinery upgrading processes – could be modeled. Although petroleomics has its roots in decades of petroleum chemical characterization, its modern conception is less than 20 years old. It is only through recent analytical advances, such as ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry, that an approximation of the petroleome is possible. The ability to use the petroleome to predict physical properties and chemical reactivity is just emerging.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Corporate Strategic ResearchExxonMobil Research & Engineering CompanyAnnandaleUSA

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