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Carbohydrate-Based Nanofibers: Applications and Potentials

  • Sajad Bahrami
  • Moein Adel
  • Fariba Esmaeili
  • Seyed Mahdi Rezayat
  • Bita Mehravi
  • Masoumeh ZahmatkeshanEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Carbohydrate polymers have recently attracted great interest from academia and industry as one of the most abundant polymers in the world. Homopolymers or copolymers of monosaccharides, known as polysaccharides, are important part of carbohydrates and polymer materials with different sources from plants, microbes, and animals. Various structures and sources provide different chemical and mechanical properties and in result different applications. Carbohydrates are inexpensive materials, easily available, and renewable resources which present important characteristics including hydrophilicity and biocompatibility into polymeric systems. In this chapter potentials and applications of carbohydrate materials such as chitosan, chitin, cellulose, and alginate or their combinations in nanofiber form will be reviewed.

Keywords

Carbohydrate Nanofibers Applications 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sajad Bahrami
    • 1
    • 2
  • Moein Adel
    • 5
    • 4
    • 3
  • Fariba Esmaeili
    • 3
  • Seyed Mahdi Rezayat
    • 3
    • 6
  • Bita Mehravi
    • 8
    • 1
  • Masoumeh Zahmatkeshan
    • 7
    • 8
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Medical Nanotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Technologies in MedicineIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Student Research CommitteeIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Medical Nanotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in MedicineTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Deputy of Research and Technology, School of MedicineIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Medical Nanotechnology, School of Advanced Medical SciencesTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  6. 6.Department of Pharmacology, School of MedicineTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  7. 7.Neuroscience Research Center (NRC)Iran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  8. 8.Cellular and Molecular Research CenterIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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