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Mixed Metal and Metal Oxide Nanofibers: Preparation, Fabrication, and Applications

  • Vasanthakumar ArumugamEmail author
  • Kandasamy G. Moodley
Reference work entry

Abstract

The review presents the overview of the design, synthesis, fabrication, and applications of metal and metal oxide-based nanofibers. Furthermore, it also describe the recent trends in methodologies used and types of nanofibers produced; including polymers, nanoparticles and ionic liquid based nanofibers. The great deal of interest and attention is currently being focused by the scientific community on nano- and mesostructured materials. The quest for the establishment of these classes of nanosystems has created new challenges in their research development processes. Nanofibers are fibers with the size of around 100 nm, which are made from various inorganic materials such as ceramics, metal, and metal oxides. This review describes the synthesis, fabrication, and some of the selected applications of nanofibers in recent years. Mixed metals and their oxides give rise to a significant class of nanofibers with fascinating properties. The metals and metal oxides which are used for the synthesis of nanofibers are, inter alia, Si, Ba, Ti, Mn, Cu, Fe, Sn, Sb, Ni, Mo, CeO2, TiO2, CuO, Fe2O3, MnO2, SnO2, and NiCo2O4. Generally, the important parameters such as morphology, size distribution, and composition in homogeneous systems are difficult to control, and, in the fabrication of new materials, the nanometer size of the dimensions should be maintained within the accepted ranges. Presently, microscale hierarchically structured nanomaterial-based nanofibers are focused and developed toward future technology. Moreover, the increasing prominence and significance of the nanofiber industry are, in recent years, due to the heightened awareness of their capability to improve the performance of different forms of filter media. In addition, nanofibers have fascinating properties and advantages such as high surface area, small pore size, and high pore volume, over conventional fibers. Generally, nanofibers are applied in various fields such as wound dressings, filtration and cleaning processes, tissue engineering scaffolds, drug release materials, energy storage, environmental engineering, defense, and security systems.

Keywords

Nanofiber Metal oxide Electrospinning Force spinning Fabrications 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied SciencesDurban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa

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