Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello

In Situ Diagnostics for Characterization of Mass and Energy Transport

  • B. W. ButlerEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_80-1



In situ diagnostics in the context of wildland fire implies tools, methods, and sensors designed to characterize the physical properties of the fire and surrounding environment. It is not limited to just flames but also the flora and fauna involved in the fire environment.


Mass and energy transport play complementary roles in wildland fire intensity and spread, yet our understanding of these phenomena in the context of wildland fire remains limited (Anderson 1969; Yedinak et al. 2006; Anderson et al. 2009). In order to understand and accurately predict the behavior of forest fires (Albini 1996), model fire emissions (Wooster et al. 2005; Freeborn et al. 2008), and improve public and wildland firefighter safety (Butler and Cohen 1998), it is critical to understand how mass and energy are transported in a burning wildland fire. Wildland fire researchers have recognized the benefit of in situ measurements of fire intensity and behavior as...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.US Forest Service, Missoula Fire Science LaboratoryMissoulaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Michael Gollner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Fire Protection EngineeringUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA