Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello

Roofing, Gutters and Eaves

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_7-1



A roof is the structure forming the upper covering of a building that can provide structural integrity and protection from external forces on the building. Roofs can be described by two key components, the field and edges.

A gutter is a water collection trough and when installed on a building is used as a means to transport water off the roof and away from the building. It is attached to the edge of the roof, on the non-gable end sides. A vertical member (a downspout) is used to drain water from the gutter to the ground. Other conduit typically funnels water away from the building. The gutter and downspout are typically made of metal or plastic.

An eave is the extension of the roof covering beyond the exterior walls of a building.


As a large, relatively horizontal surface, the roof and accessory components that can be located on and adjacent to it may be the most vulnerable components of a building when...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Insurance Institute for Business & Home SafetyRichburgUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sayaka Suzuki
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Fire and DisasterTokyoJapan