Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello

Watch Out Situations

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_262-1



The Watch Out Situations are an official set of identified fireline situations created over 50 years ago in the United States to help improve fire fighter safety. They were created by the USDA Forest Service, and accepted by other wildland fire management agencies, as the foundation for identifying situations that have led to entrapments, injuries, or fatalities over the course of wildfire suppression history. They are meant to serve as cautionary warnings in the minds of fire fighters and others fighting wildland fires and to improve fireline situational awareness.


Wildland fire management continues to increase in complexity with a growing number of influential elements and many of these are associated with constant uncertainty or with uncontrollable subtleties. Since inception of modern fire management in...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Management and Engineering Technologies International, Inc.KunaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sara McAllister
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA Forest ServiceRMRS Missoula Fire Sciences LaboratoryMissoulaUSA