Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello

Post-fire Tree Mortality

  • Sharon M. HoodEmail author
  • J. Morgan Varner
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_252-1



Tree death is caused either directly or indirectly by wildland fire.


By killing trees, wildland fires influence ecosystems in many ways, including limiting ecosystem productivity, altering resource availability, and changing the structure and composition of vegetation (Bond and Keeley 2005). These changes can have both positive and negative impacts on carbon storage, biodiversity conservation, hydrologic processes, and economic and social services (Bowman et al. 2009). In fire-adapted and fire-dependent ecosystems, fire controls tree density and species dominance, creating habitat that supports diverse plant and animal species that cannot persist in the absence of fire. However, fire-adapted ecosystems may be vulnerable to climate-driven alterations to fire regimes that are an emerging threat in recent decades, with observations of increasing fire size, frequency, and...

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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rocky Mountain Research StationUSDA Forest ServiceMissoulaUSA
  2. 2.Tall Timbers Research Station & Land ConservancyTallahasseeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kuibin Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina