Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello

Escape Routes

  • B. W. ButlerEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_230-1

Definition

Escape route is most often understood as a defined route from the location that a firefighter or group of firefighters is working to somewhere that would provide safe escape from injury.

Discussion

In the context of wildland fire, the term escape route is most often understood as a defined route from the location that a firefighter or group of firefighters is working to somewhere that would provide safe escape from injury. The route may lead to an area devoid of heavy vegetation that is unlikely to burn (safety zone) or possibly to a vehicle that can provide further transport out of the area, or even to something like a paved road that would significantly increase rate of travel; however, in all cases, the fact is that the escape route is a path to safety.

There are certainly cases in which escape routes have not led to survival from fire and caused injury or death (Butler et al. 1998). In many cases, firefighters seem to be injured or killed not while standing in one...

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References

  1. Butler BW, Bartlette RA, Bradshaw LS, Cohen JD, Andrews PL, Putnam T, Mangan RJ (1998) Fire behavior associated with the 1994 south canyon fire on storm king mountain, Colorado. U. S. Dept of Agriculture, Rocky Mountain Research Station. USA, USDA Forest Service. Research Paper RMRS-RP-9, 91 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Campbell MJ, Dennison PE, Butler BW (2016) Safe separation distance score: a new metric for evaluating wildland firefighter safety zones using lidar. Int J Geogr Inf Sci 31(7):1–19Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Missoula Fire Science LaboratoryUS Forest ServiceMissoulaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sara McAllister
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA Forest ServiceRMRS Missoula Fire Sciences LaboratoryMissoulaUSA