Ground-Based Fire Detection
Ground-based fire detection is defined as a terrestrial monitoring system for wildland fire detection and prevention.
Manned watchtowers are the most established method for the spotting of wildland fires. They have been employed for centuries and are still in use in many places around the world. There, fire detection is done with the naked eye and requires a vast expenditure of manpower. Observers tend to spot first smoke and only much later, or in case of fires very near to the observation point, flames (in this entry the term “fire” is used to refer to an event in which both flame and smoke may be present).
With the advances in camera technology and in computational power, different remote sensing fire detection technologies have been developed in recent years to assist and replace human observers. Camera-based monitoring systems, commonly installed on watchtowers,...
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