- 137 Downloads
Fire history is the study of the spatial and temporal patterns of past wildland fires.
Information on recent wildland fires comes from documentary records and satellite observations that span years to decades. On longer time scales, fire history is reconstructed from tree rings, including fire scars and the origin dates of postfire cohorts of trees, and sedimentary deposits of charcoal in lakes and wetlands; these reconstructions span centuries to millennia. Historical fire records are useful for understanding interactions among fire, climate, and vegetation and the influence of fire on long-term ecosystem dynamics.
Fire History from Documentary Records
Documentary records are recent time series of fire activity that include the date and location of points at which fires have ignited (e.g., Short 2015) and/or the mapped perimeters of fires (e.g., Morgan et al. 2014). The temporal resolution of these records varies from days to years, and the spatial resolution...
- Benes JV, Iglesias V, Whitlock C (2019) Postglacial vegetation dynamics at high elevation from fairy Lake in the northern greater Yellowstone ecosystem, Montana, USA. Quat Res:1–16Google Scholar
- Clements FE (1910) The life history of lodgepole burn forests. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- Fritts HC (1976) Tree rings and climate. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Harley GL, Baisan CH, Brown PM, Falk DA, Flatley WT, Grissino-Mayer HD, Hessl A, Heyerdahl EK, Kaye MW, Lafon CW, Margolis EQ, Maxwell RS, Naito AT, Platt WJ, Rother MT, Saladyga T, Sherriff RL, Stachowiak LA, Stambaugh MC, Sutherland EK, Taylor AH (2018) Advancing dendrochronological studies of fire in the United States. Fire 1:11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kipfmueller KF, Swetnam TW (2001) Using dendrochronology to reconstruct the history of ecosystems. In: Egan D, Howell EA (eds) The historical ecology handbook: a restorationist’s guide to reference ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, DC, pp 199–228Google Scholar
- Marlon JR, Kelly R, Daniau AL, Vannière B, Power MJ, Bartlein P, Higuera P, Blarquez O, Brewer S, Brücher T, Feurdean A, Romera GG, Iglesias V, Maezumi SY, Magi B, Courtney Mustaphi C, Zhihai T (2016) Reconstructions of biomass burning from sediment-charcoal records to improve data–model comparisons. Biogeosciences 13:3225–3244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Smith KT, Sutherland EK (2001) Terminology and biology of fire scars in selected central hardwoods. Tree-Ring Res 57:141–147Google Scholar
- Swetnam TW, Dieterich JH (1985) Fire history of ponderosa pine forests in the Gila Wilderness, New Mexico. In: Wilderness fire symposium, proceedings of the Symposium and workshop on wilderness fire, Missoula, 15–18 Nov 1983; USDA Forest Service INT-182; US Forest Service, Washington, DC, pp 390–397Google Scholar
- Whitlock C, Larsen CPS (2001) Charcoal as a fire proxy. In: Smol JP, Birks HJB, Last WM (eds) Tracking environmental change using Lake sediments: volume 3 terrestrial, algal, and siliceous indicators. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 75–97Google Scholar