Encyclopedia of Wildfires and Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires

Living Edition
| Editors: Samuel L. Manzello


  • Thomas J. CovaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51727-8_104-1



Evacuation is a protective action where people move from a high-risk area to one offering greater safety. It can be recommended by officials or performed voluntarily by residents without an official warning.


Evacuation is an effective protective action when a community is threatened by wildfire. The threat, in this case, is flammable vegetation and structures that pose a risk to residents in the form of radiant heat and smoke. Wildfire evacuations are typically precautionary (or pre-impact), as they are conducted when a wildfire is proximal but prior to community impact. The main questions in evacuating a community are who should evacuate, when they should leave, and where they should go. The corresponding steps are to delimit an evacuation zone and transmit a warning message to residents that includes recommended departure times, routes, and destinations.

Evacuation planning in wildfire areas can be performed...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Raphaele Blanchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Land & WaterCSIROMelbourneAustralia