Heritage landscapes, also referred to as cultural landscapes, represent some of the most well-known landmarks on earth and some of the most contentious. Their complexity, scale, and significance often mean that these landscapes are valued for different reasons and used for conflicting purposes, creating challenges for those who seek to manage and preserve them. An increasing awareness of the importance, multivalence, and political import of heritage landscapes has brought them to the fore of debates within the heritage community over issues of control, access, purpose, and preservation.
The term “heritage landscape” brings together two concepts, each of which is a cultural construction. As W. J. T. Mitchell (2002: 1) has suggested, landscape is “a process by which social and subjective identities are formed” and should be thought of as a verb rather than a noun. Similarly, heritage is a product of the shared values and beliefs predicated on the relationship of...
- Australia ICOMOS. 2013. Burra charter and practice notes. 2013 http://australia.icomos.org/publications/burra-charter-practice-notes/.
- Bender, B., and M. Winer, eds. 2001. Contested landscapes: Movement exile and place. Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
- Birnbaum, C.A. ed. 1996. The secretary of the interior’s standards for the treatment of historic properties with guidelines for the treatment of cultural landscapes. Historic landscape initiative, heritage preservation services, cultural resource stewardship and partnerships. Washington, DC: National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior.Google Scholar
- Dearborn, L.M., and J.C. Stallmeyer. 2010. Inconvenient heritage: Erasure and global tourism in Luang Prabang. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
- de la Torre, M. 2005. Heritage values in site management. Los Angeles: Getty Publications.Google Scholar
- Garuba, H. 2007. A second life: Museums, mimesis, and the narratives of tour guides of Robben Island. In Desire lines: Space, memory and identity in the post-apartheid city, ed. N. Murray, N. Shepherd, and M. Hall, 129–144. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hayden, D. 1995. The power of place: Urban landscapes as public history. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Hsiao, H.M., H. Yew-Foong, and P. Peycam, eds. 2017. Civil society and heritage-making in Asia. Singapore: ISEAS Publishing.Google Scholar
- Jackson, J.B. 1984. Discovering the vernacular landscape. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Kiddey, R. 2017. Homeless heritage: Collaborative social archaeology as therapeutic practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- King, T.F. 2003. Places that count: Traditional cultural properties in cultural resource management. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press.Google Scholar
- Kryder-Reid, E. 2016. California mission landscapes: Race, memory, and the politics of heritage. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
- Lonetree, A. 2012. Decolonizing museums: Representing native America in national and tribal museums. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
- Lowenthal, D. 1998. Fabricating heritage. History and Memory 10: 5–24.Google Scholar
- Macdonald, S.J. 2008. Difficult heritage: Negotiating the Nazi past in Nuremberg and beyond. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. 2008. Translations: The first chapter of the heritage landscape inventory program, 2001–2008. Boston: Commonwealth of Massachusetts.Google Scholar
- McAtackney, L., and K. Ryzewski, eds. 2017. Contemporary archaeology and the city: Creativity, ruination, and political action. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Mitchell, W.J.T. 2002. Landscape and power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- National Park Service. 1998. Guidelines for evaluating and documenting traditional cultural properties. National Register Bulletin 38. https://nps.gov/nr/publications/bulletins/pdfs/nrb38.pdf.
- Noble, A.G. 1992. To build in a new land: Ethnic landscapes in North America. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Rassool, C. 2007. Memory and the politics of history in the District Six Museum. In Desire lines: Space, memory and identity in the post-apartheid city, ed. N. Murray, N. Shepherd, and M. Hall, 113–128. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Schein, R.H., ed. 2006. Landscape and race in the United States. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Shackel, P.A., ed. 2001. Myth, memory, and the making of the American landscape. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.Google Scholar
- Silberman, N. 2016. Heritage places: Evolving conceptions and changing forms. In A companion to heritage studies, ed. W. Logan, M.N. Craith, and E. Kockel, 29–40. London: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Silverman, H., and D.F. Ruggles, eds. 2007. Cultural heritage and human rights. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Silverman, H., E. Waterton, and S. Watson, eds. 2017. Heritage in action: Making the past in the present. Cham. Springer.Google Scholar
- Singleton, C. 2017. Encountering home: A contemporary archaeology of homelessness. In Contemporary archaeology and the City creativity, ruination, and political action, ed. L. McAtackney and K. Ryzewski, 229–243. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Tolia-Kelly, D.P. 2010. Landscape, race, and memory. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- UNESCO. 2008. Operational guidelines for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention. Available at: http://whc.unesco.org/archive/opguide08-en.pdf#annex 3.Google Scholar
- UNESCO. 2017. World heritage list statistics. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/stat.
- Von Droste, B., H. Plachter, and M. Rössler, eds. 1995. Cultural landscapes of universal value. Components of a global strategy. Jena: Fischer Verlag.Google Scholar
- Willey, G.R. 1953. Prehistoric settlement patterns in the Virú Valley, Peru (Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 155). Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.Google Scholar
- Wittfogel, K. 1956. The hydraulic civilizations. In Man’s role in changing the face of the earth, ed. W. Thomas, 152–163. Chicago: Wenner-Gren Foundation.Google Scholar
- Zan, L., S. Baraldi, M. Lusiani, D. Shoup, P. Ferri, and F. Onofri. 2015. Managing cultural heritage: An international research perspective. Burlington: Ashgate.Google Scholar