Museum of San Pedro De Atacama, Northern Chile

  • Patricia AyalaEmail author
  • Fernanda Kalazich
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_3416-1

Introduction

While European nation-states were using archaeology and museums to develop their national identities, the latter also started a great diaspora, expanding to the Americas during the first half of the nineteenth century, going hand in hand with the independence of Spanish and Portuguese colonies (Swain 2007). Like their European counterparts, the new American nation-states were constructed following the ahistorical principle of homogeneity (Gnecco 2002) unifying their peoples through the appeal to a singular past and a sense of commonality, excluding and denying the existence of culturally differentiated groups within them (Benavides 2001).

American museums are associated with colonial practices of excavation, collection, and exhibition of human bodies and indigenous objects. Through these devices, archaeology provided the scientific means to demonstrate the racial superiority of the colonizers and justify the dispossession of indigenous lands, knowledge, bodies, and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abbe MuseumBar HarborUSA
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigaciones Arqueológicas y Museo R.P. Gustavo Le Paige, CONICYT PAI/Concurso Nacional Inserción en la AcademiaUniversidad Católica del NorteSan Pedro de AtacamaChile

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sonia Archila
    • 1
  1. 1.Departament of AnthropologyUniversidad de los AndesBogotáColombia