Archaeology of the Majimaji War
The Majimaji war, which occurred in 1905–1907, was a resistance against German colonial domination in southern Tanzania. The war spread to over 260,000 km2 of southern Tanzania covering seven regions, namely, Lindi, Mtwara, Ruvuma, Pwani, Njombe, Morogoro, and Dar es Salaam. More than 20 ethnic groups participated including the Mwera, Makonde, Makua, Yao, Ngindo, Matumbi, Bena, Zaramo, Ndengereko, Matengo Ndendeule, and Ngoni. Some of the prominent Majimaji warriors from these ethnic groups include Songea Mbano of the Ngoni, Selemani Mamba of the Mwera, Abdalah Mchimai of the Ngindo, Mpangile of the Bena, Lindimyo of the Matumbi, and Kibasila of the Zaramo. The numbers of people who participated in the war, those who died and the survivors, are uncertain. This is because there was no deliberate enumeration of the whole population in Tanzania before 1948 (Thomas 1968); available before this date are estimates rather than census. The German financial year report of...
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