Pile Dwellings or Stilt Houses in Prehistory of Brazil

  • Alexandre Guida NavarroEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_3202-1

Introduction

Around the 1950s, an American archaeologist, Betty J. Meggers, penetrated the Amazonian tropical forest, together with her husband, Clifford Evans, placing the Amazon in the spotlights of South American Archaeology (Meggers 1954). Due to their orientations in ecological determinism, the researchers in question explained that the known vestiges of complex societies are derived from peoples coming from the Andes. Their argument was that the acid ground of the Amazonian region, created by abundant rains, removed the minerals, disabling, this way, the success of agriculture that, at that time, was considered the main cultural factor in civilization development (Meggers and Evans 1957). In this interpretation, it was impossible that a civilization could have developed in this inhospitable environment. The Amazon was, therefore, the illusion of a paradise, an epithet that even became the title of one of Betty Meggers’ books (1987).

In the 1960s, the Evans couple led the PRONAPA...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

The subject presented here composes an academic archaeological project in the institutional scope of the Department of History (DEHIS), of the Postgraduation Program in Social History (PPGHIS), and of the Laboratory of Archaeology (LARQ) of the Federal University of Maranhao (UFMA), with financial support of two agencies, one of promotion to research called Foundation of Support to Research of the State of Maranhão (FAPEMA) and another one of patrimonial protection, Institute of National Historic and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Archaeology, Department of HistoryFederal University of MaranhãoSão LuísBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patricia Fournier
    • 1
  1. 1.Posgrado en ArqueologíaEscuela Nacional de Antropología e HistoriaMéxicoMexico