Landscape Iconoclasm

  • José Antonio González ZarandonaEmail author
Living reference work entry

Brief Definition of the Topic

The concepts of landscape and iconoclasm compose the term “landscape iconoclasm.” “Landscape” varies from discipline to discipline, but it is widely regarded as the construction of cultural and natural aspects through time at different space scales and how people perceive them. Iconoclasm is, literally, the destruction or breaking of religious pictures for political and religious purposes, where pictures are icons that represent “the appearance of the immaterial image in a material medium” (Mitchell 2005: 85). Metaphorically speaking, iconoclasm refers to the destruction of ideas, beliefs, and traditions. For example, the removal of a monument that represents Francisco Franco and symbolizes fascism at the same time is a case of a literal and metaphorical iconoclasm. Contrary to vandalism, iconoclasm is a deliberate destruction, rather than a meaningless act.

Iconoclasm is associated with iconic pictures, not landscapes. However, certain communities...


Iconoclasm Burrup Peninsula Huichol People Petroglyphs Indigenous Archaeology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Bednarik, R. 2002. The survival of the Murujuga (Burrup) petroglyphs. Rock Art Research 19: 28–40.Google Scholar
  2. Chapman, H., and B. Gearey. 2013. Iconoclasm in European prehistory? Breaking objects and landscapes. In Striking images, iconoclasms past and present, ed. S. Boldrick, L. Brubaker, and R. Clay. Burlington: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  3. González Zarandona, J.A. 2015. Towards a theory of landscape iconoclasm. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 25: 461–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Mitchell, W.J.T. 2005. What do pictures want? The lives and loves of images. Chicago/London: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Mulvaney, K. 2011. Dampier archipelago: Decades of development and destruction. Rock Art Research 28: 17–25.Google Scholar
  6. Plets, G.F.J. 2016. Heritage statecraft: When archaeological heritage meets neoliberalism in Gazprom’s resource colonies, Russia. Journal of Field Archaeology 41: 368–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Walsham, A. 2011. The Reformation of the landscape: Religion, identity and memory in early modern Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and GlobalisationDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia
  2. 2.Center for Research and Teaching of EconomicsSanta FeMexico