Natural Hazards vs Cultural Heritage
Natural hazards are usually approached by geosciences (geology, geography); they are a cause of planetary evolution that can be divided into geological hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruption), meteorological hazards (hailstorm, heat wave, cyclones, ice storm, tornado), and hydrological hazards (floods, droughts, mudslides). Over the last decades, due to the technological evolution, the research undertaken in order to understand and predict natural hazards has made serious progress. When a natural hazard is affecting the cultural heritage integrity, the process can be fast and lead to permanent destruction or slow, depending on the severity of the hazard. Along history, natural hazards lead to the destruction of some famous monuments: the pyroclastic flows from Vesuvius completely destroyed Pompeii in 79 A.D.; the Colossus of Rhodes and the Pharos Lighthouse have been destroyed by earthquakes in 227 B.C. and in the fourteenth century, respectively; mausoleum of...
- Agapiou, A., V. Lysandrou, D.D. Alexakis, K. Themistocleous, B. Cuca, A. Argyriou, A. Sarris, and D.G. Hadjimitsis. 2015. Cultural heritage management and monitoring using remote sensing data and GIS: The case study of Paphos area, Cyprus. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 54: 230–239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2015.09.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Nicu, I.C. 2016b. Cultural heritage assessment and vulnerability using analytic hierarchy process and geographic information systems (Valea Oii catchment, North-Eastern Romania). An approach to historical maps. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 20: 103–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.10.015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Nicu, I.C., and G. Romanescu. 2016. Effect of natural risk factors upon the evolution of Chalcolithic human settlements in North-Eastern Romania (Valea Oii watershed). From ancient time dynamics to present day degradation. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 60 (1): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1127/zfg/2015/0174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Nicu, I.C. 2017b. Natural hazards – a threat for immovable cultural heritage. A review. International Journal of Conservation Science 8 (3): 375–388.Google Scholar
- Nicu, I.C. 2018. Natural risk assessment and mitigation of cultural heritage sites from North-eastern Romania (Valea Oii river basin). Area. https://doi.org/10.1111/area.12433.
- Romanescu, G., V. Cotiugă, A. Asăndulesei, and C.C. Stoleriu. 2012a. Use of the 3-D scanner in mapping and monitoring the dynamic degradation of soils: Case study of the Cucuteni-Baiceni Gully on the Moldavian Plateau (Romania). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16: 953–966. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-16-953-2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Romanescu G, V. Cotiugă, A. Asăndulesei. 2012b. Use of terrestrial 3D laser scanner in cartographing and monitoring relief dynamics and habitation space from various historical periods. In Cartography – a tool for spatial analysis, ed. C. Bateira, 49–74. InTech: Croatia. https://doi.org/10.5772/47776.Google Scholar
- Sdao, F., D.S. Lioi, S. Pascale, D. Caniani, and I.M. Mancini. 2013. Landslide susceptibility assessment by using a neuro-fuzzy model: A case study in the Rupestrian heritage rich area of Matera. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 13: 395–407. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-13-395-2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Usmanov, B., I.C. Nicu, I. Gainullin, and P. Khomyakov. 2018. Monitoring and assessing the destruction of archaeological sites from Kuibyshev reservoir coastline, Tatarstan Republic, Russian Federation. A case study. Journal of Coastal Conservation 22 (2): 417–429. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-017-0590-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Will, T., and H.-R. Meier. 2007. Cultural heritage and natural disasters: Risk preparedness and the limits of prevention. In Cultural heritage and natural disasters risk preparedness and the limits of prevention: Heritage at risk, ed. M. Hans-Rudolf, M. Petzet, and W. Thomas, Special ed., 9–20. Dresden: TUDpress.Google Scholar
- Alexander, D. Cultural heritage and disasters. https://www.ucl.ac.uk/rdr/hide-events/heritage-and-disasters/cultural-heritage-and-disasters
- Margottini, C., F. Fidolini, C. Iadanza, A. Trigila, and Y. Ubelmann. 2015. The conservation of the Shahr-e-Zohak archaeological site (Central Afghanistan): Geomorphological processes and ecosystem-based mitigation. Geomorphology 239: 73–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.12.047.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Watt, J., J. Tidblad, V. Kucera, and R. Hamilton, eds. 2009. The effects of air pollution on cultural heritage. US: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar