Natural Hazards vs Cultural Heritage

  • Ionut Cristi NicuEmail author
Living reference work entry


Natural hazards are usually approached by geosciences (geology, geography); they are a cause of planetary evolution that can be divided into geological hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruption), meteorological hazards (hailstorm, heat wave, cyclones, ice storm, tornado), and hydrological hazards (floods, droughts, mudslides). Over the last decades, due to the technological evolution, the research undertaken in order to understand and predict natural hazards has made serious progress. When a natural hazard is affecting the cultural heritage integrity, the process can be fast and lead to permanent destruction or slow, depending on the severity of the hazard. Along history, natural hazards lead to the destruction of some famous monuments: the pyroclastic flows from Vesuvius completely destroyed Pompeii in 79 A.D.; the Colossus of Rhodes and the Pharos Lighthouse have been destroyed by earthquakes in 227 B.C. and in the fourteenth century, respectively; mausoleum of...

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Further Reading

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  7. Vecco, M. 2010. A definition of cultural heritage: From the tangible to the intangible. Journal of Cultural Heritage 11 (3): 321–324. Scholar
  8. Watt, J., J. Tidblad, V. Kucera, and R. Hamilton, eds. 2009. The effects of air pollution on cultural heritage. US: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), High North Department, Fram CentreTromsøNorway
  2. 2.Flinders University, College of Humanities, Arts and Social SciencesAdelaideAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Thanik Lertcharnrit
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologySilpakorn UniversityBangkokThailand