Quebec Archaeology

  • Christian Gates St-Pierre
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_2632-1

Introduction

With its distinctive culture, language, history, and institutions, the Province of Quebec occupies a unique position in the archaeological landscape of Canada and North America. Within Canada, only Quebec’s territory includes temperate, boreal, and arctic ecological zones, respectively home to Iroquoian, Algonquian, and Inuit cultures (Fig. 1). These indigenous peoples, along with the French and British colonists who arrived much later, had to learn to coexist through a long and difficult history, occasionally marked by political and cultural clashes. As a result of these particular conditions, archaeology as a discipline did not develop in Quebec quite like it did elsewhere on the continent.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Aronczyk, M., and M.J. Brady. 2015. Branding history at the Canadian museum of civilization. Canadian Journal of Communication 40: 165–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Auger, R., and W. Moss. 2001. The archaeology of physical and social transformation: High times, low tides and tourist floods on Quebec City’s waterfront. In The archaeology of urban landscapes: Explorations in slumland, ed. A. Mayne and T. Murray. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Balac, A.-M., and F.C. Bélanger. 2016. Lumières sous la ville: quand l’archéologie raconte Montréal. Montréal: Recherches amérindiennes au Québec.Google Scholar
  4. Bibeau, P., D. Denton, and A. Burroughs. 2015. Ce que la rivière nous procurait: Archéologie et histoire du réservoir de l’Eastmain-1. Gatineau: Musée canadien de l’histoire et Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa.Google Scholar
  5. Bracewell, J. 2015. The infertile crescent revisited: A case (study) for the history of archaeology. Bulletin of the History of Archaeology 25(2): art. 3, 1–9.Google Scholar
  6. Clermont, N. 1999. La préhistoire québécoise. In Québec 2000: Multiples visages d’une culture, ed. R. Lahaise, 57–74. Montréal: Hurtubise HMH.Google Scholar
  7. Clermont, N. 2001. Quebec. In Encyclopedia of archaeology: History and discoveries, ed. T. Murray, vol. 3, 1079–1083. ABC-Clio: Santa Barbara.Google Scholar
  8. Craig-Dupont, O. 2011. Hunting, timber harvesting, and Precambrian beauties: The scientific reinterpretation of La Mauricie National Park’s landscape history, 1969–1975. In A century of parks Canada, 1911–2011, ed. C.E. Campbell, 179–204. Calgary: University of Calgary Press.Google Scholar
  9. Denton, D., and F. Duguay. 1993. Atelier: L’archéologie et les Premières Nations/Archaeology and first nations: A workshop. Montréal: Association des archéologues du Québec.Google Scholar
  10. Desrosiers, P. 2016. Archéologie et développement durable au Québec. Archéologiques 29: 66–88.Google Scholar
  11. Desrosiers, P. 2017. Les firmes d’archéologie au Québec. Archéologiques 30: 71–92.Google Scholar
  12. Dominique, R. 1981. La propriété des biens archéologiques dans le contexte de la Baie James et du nord québécois. Recherches amérindiennes au Québec 10 (4): 276–277.Google Scholar
  13. Dumais, P. 1994. Bilan critique de la recherche en archéologie préhistorique au Québec (1979–1994). Archéologiques 8: 40–44.Google Scholar
  14. Fry, Bruce W. 1986. The digger vs the bureaucrat: Archaeology’s role in parks Canada. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology International 18 (1–2): 38–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gates St-Pierre, C. 2009. A critical review of the last decade of prehistoric archaeology in southern Quebec. In Painting the past with a broad brush: Papers in honour of James Valliere Wright, Mercury series, archaeology paper no 170, ed. D.L. Keenlyside and J.-L. Pilon, 103–141. Gatineau: Canadian Museum of Civilization.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gates St-Pierre, C. 2016. La plus ancienne découverte archéologique du Canada. In Fragments d’humanité: Pièces de collections, ed. L. Pothier, 18–20. Montréal: Éditions de l’Homme and Pointe-à-Callière, Cité d’archéologie et d’histoire de Montréal.Google Scholar
  17. Gattinger, M., and D. Saint-Pierre. 2010. The “neoliberal turn” in provincial cultural policy and administration in Québec and Ontario: The emergence of “quasi-neoliberal” approaches. Canadian Journal of Communication 35: 279–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Holtorf, C. 2008. The cunning means of domination. Archaeologies: Journal of the World Archaeological Congress 4 (1): 190–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kintigh, K.W., et al. 2014. Grand challenges for archaeology. American Antiquity 79 (1): 5–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lévesque, R. 1962. Les richesses archéologiques du Québec. Sherbrooke: Société d’archéologie de Sherbrooke.Google Scholar
  21. Martijn, C.A. 1998. Bits and pieces, glimpses and glances: A retrospect on prehistoric research in Quebec. In Bringing back the past: Historical perspectives on Canadian archaeology, Mercury series, archaeology paper no 158, ed. P.J. Smith and D. Mitchell, 163–190. Gatineau: Canadian Museum of Civilization.Google Scholar
  22. McCaffrey, M.T., and B. Jamieson. 1992. The Dawson archaeological site: An overview. In Wrapped in the colours of the earth: Cultural heritage of the first nations, ed. M.T. McCaffrey et al., 41–51. Montreal: McCord Museum of Canadian History.Google Scholar
  23. Pothier, L. (ed.). 2016. Fragments d’humanité: Pièces de collection. Montréal: Éditions de l’Homme and Pointe-à-Callière, cité d’archéologie et d’histoire de Montréal.Google Scholar
  24. Pendergast, J.F., and B.G. Trigger. 1972. Cartier’s Hochelaga and the Dawson site. Montreal/London: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Pintal, J.-Y., J. Provencher, and G. Piédalue. 2015. Air: Territoire et peuplement. Coll. Archéologie du Québec. Montréal: Éditions de l’Homme & Pointe-à-Callière, Cité d’archéologie et d’histoire de Montréal.Google Scholar
  26. Speck, F.G. 1951. The Montagnais-Naskapis. In Encylopedia Arctica, ed. V. Stefannson, vol. VIII, 202–249. Hanover: Dartmouth College.Google Scholar
  27. Tremblay, R. 2006. The St. Lawrence Iroquoians: Corn people. Montréal: Éditions de l’Homme and Pointe-à-Callière, Cité d’archéologie et d’histoire de Montréal.Google Scholar
  28. Wright, E. A. 2014 Consuming indigenous space, producing Canadian place: Mobilizing nationalism towards Canada’s national parks. Unpublished M.A. Dissertation, Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Ottawa.Google Scholar
  29. Zorzin, N. 2010. Archéologie au Québec: portrait d’une profession. Archéologiques 23: 1–15.Google Scholar
  30. Zorzin, N. 2011. Contextualizing contract archaeology in Quebec: Political-economy and economic dependencies. Archaeological Review from Cambridge 26 (1): 119–135.Google Scholar
  31. Zorzin, N., and C. Gates St-Pierre. 2017. The sociopolitics of archaeology in Quebec: Regional developments within global trends. Archaeologies 13 (3): 412–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Département d’anthropologieUniversité de MontréalMontrealCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Thanik Lertcharnrit
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologySilpakorn UniversityBangkokThailand