Tello, Julio C.

  • César AstuhuamánEmail author
Living reference work entry

In the beginning of the twentieth century, Peruvian archaeology was emerging within a hostile context: there was a lack of any proper institutional organization, absence of indigenous scholars, depredation of archaeological sites, and deficiency of state support in both economic and legal terms. In addition, a weak national identity caused the segregation of pre-Hispanic history. In these circumstances, Julio César Tello Rojas emerged and became a prominent national icon, an international anthropologist, and the father of Peruvian archaeology.

Tello was born in Huarochirí (highlands of Lima) on April 11th of 1880. He was given financial assistance from his family to go to college in Lima, where he was further supported by Ricardo Palma. Likewise, working in the national library enabled him to attend to San Marcos University, where he studied medicine. In 1908 he submitted his thesis on the antiquity of syphilis in Peru suggesting that it was ancient syphilis which prompted the need for...

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  1. Tello, J.C. 1921. Introducción a la Historia Antigua del Perú. Lima: Editorial Euforion.Google Scholar
  2. Tello, J.C. 1929. Antiguo Perú: Primera Época. Lima: Comisión Organizadora del Segundo Congreso Sudamericano de Turismo – Excélsior.Google Scholar
  3. Tello, J.C. 1930. Andean civilization: Some problems of Peruvian archaeology, Proceedings of the XXIII International Congress of Americanists, New York City, 1928, 259–290. New York: International Congress of Americanists.Google Scholar
  4. Tello, J.C. 1942. Origen y desarrollo de las civilizaciones prehistóricas andinas. Lima: Librería e Imprenta Gil.Google Scholar
  5. Tello, J.C., and T. Mejía, eds. 1960. Chavín. Cultura matriz de la civilización andina: Primera parte. Lima: Archivo Julio C. Tello. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.Google Scholar

Further Readings

  1. Astuhuaman, C., and R. Daggett. 2005. Julio César Tello Rojas; Una biografía. In Paracas Primera Parte, ed. J.C. Tello, 17–61. Lima: Museo de Arqueología y Antropología de San Marcos. UNMSM.Google Scholar
  2. Burger, R., ed. 2009. The life and writings of Julio C. Tello: America’s first indigenous archaeologist. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.Google Scholar
  3. Carrión, R. 1948. Julio C. Tello y la Arqueología Peruana. Revista del Museo Nacional 2 (1): 7–34.Google Scholar
  4. Mejia, T. 1948. Apuntes biográficos sobre el Dr. Julio C. Tello. Revista del Museo Nacional 2 (1): 35–50.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Nacional Mayor de San MarcosLimaPeru

Section editors and affiliations

  • Claire Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologyFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia