Imaging Techniques in Bone Analysis
- 99 Downloads
Radiography: The term radiography is generally used to describe a static or “still” two-dimensional image produced by means of a single exposure to X-rays (an energy form of ionizing radiation). Such images are now usually recorded and stored digitally but were previously recorded photographically on X-ray film.
Fluoroscopy: The term fluoroscopy is used to describe a two-dimensional image directly visualized in real-time motion produced by a continuous exposure to X-rays.
Tomography: Tomography employs a moving X-ray tube and image receptor to create an image of a plane or “slice” within an object. Originally developed in the 1930s to overcome the limitations of radiography as a two-dimensional imaging method, the application of digital detectors and computer science led to the development of:
Computed Axial Tomography: CAT or CT scanning...
KeywordsMass Fatality Incidents Direct Digital Radiography (DR) Receptor Imaging Computed Radiography (CR) Forensic Anthropology
- Brogdon, B.G. 2011a. Radiological identification: Anthropological parameters. In Brogdon’s forensic radiology, ed. M.J. Thali, M.D. Viner, and B.G. Brogdon, 2nd ed., 85–106. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
- Brogdon, B.G. 2011b. Radiological identification of individual remains. In Brogdon’s forensic radiology, ed. M.J. Thali, M.D. Viner, and B.G. Brogdon, 2nd ed., 153–176. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
- Buck, U., S. Nather, and M.J. Thali. 2011. Using real 3D data for reconstruction. In Brogdon’s forensic radiology, ed. M.J. Thali, M.D. Viner, and B.G. Brogdon, 2nd ed., 461–472. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
- Catapano, A., J. Curry, R. Gonzalez, G. Conlogue, M. Viner, D. Piombino-Mascali, and R. Beckett. 2016. A differential diagnosis of spinal pathology among the Gangi mummies. 42nd Annual Meeting of the Paleopathology Association. Atlanta, Georga.Google Scholar
- Conlogue, G., and R. Beckett. 2010. Conventional radiography. In Paleoimaging: Field applications for cultural remains and artifacts, ed. R.G. Beckett and G. Conlogue. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
- Conlogue, G., and F. Marcinowski. 1986. Microradiography: A theoretical basis and practical applications. Radiologic Technology 58: 301–309.Google Scholar
- Conlogue, G., T. Blyth, J. Li, R. Beckett, A. Dhody, R. Gonzalez, F. Cerrone, and M. Schlenk. 2010. Revealing rer secrets one modality at a time. Paper presented at the 37th Annual North American Paleopathology Association meeting, Albuquerque.Google Scholar
- DiCesare, A., D. Piombino-Mascali, R. Beckett, M. Viner, G. Conlogue, A. Catapano, J. Curry, and K. Harper-Beckett. 2016. Implementation of dual imaging stations to achieve increased productivity for a large scale radiographic examination of mummified remains. 42nd Annual Meeting of the Paleopathology Association. Atlanta, Georga. Google Scholar
- Fehren-Schmits, L., J. Kapp, K.L. Ziegler, K.M. Harkin, G.P. Aronson, and G. Conlogue. 2016. An investigation into the effects of X-ray on the recovery of ancient DNA from skeletal remains. Journal of Archaeological Science 76: 1–8.Google Scholar
- Nather, S., U. Buck, and M.J. Thali. 2011. Photogrametry based optical scanning. In Brogdon’s forensic radiology, ed. M.J. Thali, M.D. Viner, and B.G. Brogdon, 2nd ed., 365–388. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
- Tonello, B. 1998. Mass grave investigations. Paper presented at the Imaging Science & Oncology, British Institute of Radiology, Birmingham, UK.Google Scholar
- Viner, M.D., and J.E. Lichtenstein. 2011. Radiology in mass casualty situations. In Brogdon’s forensic radiology, ed. M.J. Thali, M.D. Viner, and B.G. Brogdon, 2nd ed., 177–198. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
- Wessling, R., and L. Loe. 2011. The Fromelles Project: Organizational and operational structures of a large scale mass grave excavation and on-site anthropological analysis. Paper presented at the American Academy of Forensic Sciences 63rd scientific meeting, Chicago.Google Scholar
- Ziegler K.L., G. Conlogue, R. Beckett, T. Blyth, G.P. Aronson, and L. Fehren-Schmitz. 2013. An investigation into effects of x-ray on the recovery of DNA from skeletal remains. Am J Phys Anthropol 150 (S56): 299.Google Scholar