Pikirayi, Innocent (Historical Archaeology)

  • Natalie SwanepoelEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_1379-2

Basic Biographical Information

Professor Innocent Pikirayi was born in 1963 in Masvingo, Zimbabwe. He obtained a BA (honors) degree in history (1985) and an MA in African history (1987) from the University of Zimbabwe, where he received training from archaeologists such as Peter Garlake and Robert Soper. He combined his interests in history and archaeology in further studies, receiving his Ph.D. in historical archaeology from the University of Uppsala where his dissertation was entitled The Archaeological Identity of the Mutapa State: Towards an Historical Archaeology of Northern Zimbabwe (Pikirayi 1994). Pikirayi began his teaching career in archaeology at the University of Zimbabwe in 1988, attaining the rank of senior lecturer in archaeology in 2001. In 2004 he joined the staff of Midlands State University (Zimbabwe) as senior lecturer in archaeology and executive dean of the Faculty of Arts. In 2005 he relocated to South Africa to work at the University of Pretoria where, in May...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Chirikure, S., and I. Pikirayi. 2008. Inside and outside the dry stone walls: Revisiting the material culture of Great Zimbabwe. Antiquity 82: 976–994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Pikirayi, I. 1994. The archaeological identity of the Mutapa state: Towards an historical archaeology of northern Zimbabwe. Uppsala: Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.Google Scholar
  3. Pikirayi, I. 2001. The Zimbabwe culture: Origins and decline of southern Zambezian states. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press.Google Scholar
  4. Pikirayi, I. 2007. Ceramics and group identities: Towards a social archaeology in southern African Iron Age ceramic studies. Journal of Social Archaeology 7: 286–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Pikirayi, I. 2009. Palaces, Feiras and Prazos: An historical archaeological perspective of African-Portuguese contact in Northern Zimbabwe. African Archaeological Review 26: 163–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Pikirayi, I. 2011. Tradition, archaeological heritage protection and communities in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. Addis Ababa: OSSREA.Google Scholar
  7. Pikirayi, I. 2015. The future of archaeology in Africa. Antiquity 89: 531–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pikirayi, I. 2017. Trade, globalisation and the archaic state in southern Africa. Journal of Southern African Studies 43 (5): 879–893.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Readings

  1. Pikirayi, I. 1999. Taking southern African ceramic studies into the 21st century: A Zimbabwean perspective. African Archaeological Review 16: 185–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Pikirayi, I. 2000. Wars, violence and strongholds: An overview of fortified settlements in northern Zimbabwe. Journal of Peace, Conflict and Military Studies 1: 1–12.Google Scholar
  3. Pikirayi, I. 2006a. Gold, black ivory and houses of stone: Historical archaeology in Africa. In Historical archaeology, ed. M. Hall and S. Silliman, 230–250. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  4. Pikirayi, I. 2006b. The kingdom, the power and forevermore: Zimbabwe culture in contemporary art and architecture. Journal of Southern African Studies 32: 755–770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Pikirayi, I. 2009. What can archaeology do for society in southern Africa? Historical Archaeology 32: 125–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Pikirayi, I., and G. Pwiti. 1999. States, traders and colonists: Historical archaeology in Zimbabwe. Historical Archaeology 33: 73–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Schmidt, P., and I. Pikirayi, eds. 2016. Community archaeology and heritage in Africa: Decolonizing practice. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of South AfricaPretoriaSouth Africa

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patricia Fournier
    • 1
  1. 1.Posgrado en ArqueologíaEscuela Nacional de Antropología e HistoriaMéxicoMexico