Toilet Training and Bladder Control in Children with Cerebral Palsy

  • Puneeta RamachandraEmail author
  • T. Ernesto Figueroa
Living reference work entry


Patients with cerebral palsy often have changes to their urinary tract function. This can lead to significant morbidity over a lifetime. The etiology of urinary tract dysfunction is multifactorial and complex. Understanding and managing urinary tract symptoms can have a huge impact on health and quality of life for patients and caregivers.


Toilet training Urinary tract Urodynamics Incontinence Constipation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Urology, Department of SurgeryNemours/Alfred I. DuPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Urology and PediatricsSidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Freeman Miller
    • 1
  • Steven Bachrach
    • 2
  1. 1.AI DuPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Al duPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA

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